(1) Trace the lineage of Jesus from Noah to Jesus
Length: 5-6 pages, double-spaced, plus bibliography
SOME PRELIMINARY INFORMATION
In ancient times, including Jesus' time, the Arabian peninsula was considered part of what we now call Africa, not "the Near East" or "the Middle East".
Americans and modern Europeans tend to think of a genealogy as a simple chronological list of ancestors and descendants; hence, many skeptics are quick to point out omissions in biblical genealogies and claim those are "proof" that the Bible is not reliable.
It is important to note that in ancient times genealogies were not always
simple "family histories". They served numerous purposes, e.g.:
I do not claim to be an expert on this topic, nor does this paper purport to be an exhaustive treatise on this subject. The main reasons I put the paper (slightly modified) on the site are:
(Incidentally, since I know people will wonder . . . I'm half Italian, one-quarter German and one-quarter English. I attend a Protestant black church and also a congregation of Messianic Jewish and gentile believers and a Reform Jewish temple, although I have no Jewish ancestry, because those are where the Lord led me.)
THE ORIGIN OF MANKIND AFTER THE FLOOD
According to Genesis 9:19 and the Table of Nations in Genesis 10, all mankind is descended from the three sons of Noah: Shem, Ham and Japheth. (For some strange reason, Noah's sons are always listed in that order although Genesis 10:21 says Japheth was Shem's older brother. Normally in the Bible sons are listed in chronological order.)
The descendants of Japheth settled in Anatolia, modern Turkey, and from there moved into the Caucasus mountains of Western Russia and from there settled Europe and Russia. They are the ancestors of the Caucasian peoples. Their main impact on Israel was through the Persians, the Greeks and the Romans.
Ham's descendants became the various black peoples who settled the African continent and parts of the Arabian peninsula. His sons were Cush, whose descendants settled in Ethiopia, Mizraim, whose descendants settled in Egypt, Put, whose descendants settled in Libya, and Canaan, whose descendants settled in Palestine and founded the cities of Sidon, Tyre and Carthage and, among others, were the ancestors of the Phoenicians.
Collectively, in ancient times the descendants of Cush formed a large ethnic group and were the main populace of the Cushite Empire, which extended from present-day western Libya to Ethiopia and Nubia, south of Egypt, all of present-day Egypt, and the Arabian peninsula into the mountains of Turkey. They spoke a variety of languages and had skin pigmentation ranging from dark black to medium brown.
One of Cush's sons was Nimrod, founder of Babylon, Akkad, Assyria and Nineveh, several of early mankind's most powerful nations and cities. Their languages are generally referred to as belonging to the Western Semitic group, although they actually are Hamitic.
Mizraim's descendants became the Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, Pathrusim, and Casluhim [Philistines]. According to the Jewish-Roman historian Flavius Josephus, most of these peoples were destroyed in the Ethiopic Wars.
THE MYTHICAL 'CURSE OF HAM' AND THE ACTUAL CURSE OF CANAAN
It is often claimed that the black race resulted from a curse that Noah placed on his son Ham because Noah became drunk with wine and Ham "looked upon his father's nakedness." Some scholars interpret this as a euphemism and believe that Ham had homosexual intercourse with his father; others believe the reason for the curse was the disgrace Ham caused by telling others. The claim is that the curse turned Ham black on the spot. In any event, Genesis 9:25-27 records that in fact Noah cursed Ham's youngest son, Canaan, not Ham:  he said, "Cursed be Canaan! The lowest of slaves will he be to his brothers."  He also said, "Blessed be the LORD, the God of Shem! May Canaan be the slave of Shem.  May God extend the territory of Japheth; may Japheth live in the tents of Shem, and may Canaan be his slave."
Canaan's descendants founded Sidon and, among others, were the ancestors of the Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites, Hivites, Arkites, Sinites, Arvadites, Zemarites and Hamathites. There is ample historical evidence that indeed they were cursed with moral depravity including temple prostitutes and human sacrifice. One scholar, Lenormant, said of the Canaanite religion: "No other people ever rivaled them in the mixture of bloodshed and debauchery with which they thought to honor the Deity." (per Summary of Near Eastern History, cited below.)
Shem's descendants became the Semitic peoples who settled parts of the Arabian Peninsula, including what is now Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Jordan, Israel, and Lebanon. They were of a generally medium-brown complexion with facial features roughly mid-way between typical negro and typical Caucasian and the languages they spoke included Arabic, Hebrew, and Aramaic, Jesus' native language.
It is important to realize that in Old Testament times Egyptians were black, not Arab. Arabs first conquered Egypt when Moslems invaded Egypt shortly after the death of Mohammed.
THE LINEAGE OF JESUS FROM NOAH
Jesus descended from the line of Shem; His lineage from Noah through Abraham is shown in Genesis 11:10-27 and Luke 3:34-38: Noah, Shem, Arphaxad, Cainan, Salah, Eber, Peleg, Reu, Serug, Nahor, Terah, Abram a.k.a Abraham.
Jesus' lineage from Abraham through David is shown in Matthew 1 and Luke 3: Matt 1: Abraham, of Ur of the Chaldees & Sarah, Isaac & Rebekah, Jacob & Leah,  Judah & Tamar [Canaanite ?], Perez, Hezron,  Ram, Amminadab, Nahshon,  Salmon & Rahab [Canaanite], Boaz & Ruth [Moabite], Obed,  Jesse, David & Bethsheba, who probably was a non-Hamitic Hittite **. (Moabites were Semitic -- descendants of Abraham's nephew Lot; see Genesis 20:36-37.)
Rahab was a contemporary of Joshua, successor to Moses. Seventy Israelites went into captivity in Egypt and during the 400 years the Israelites were in captivity in Egypt they and their descendants intermarried with non-Israelites. (The Israelites were in Egypt 430 years, 400 in captivity.) The group of over 600,000 men plus women and children that left Egypt under Moses was a "mixed multitude". Ethnically, their ancestors were a combination of Hamitic Egyptians and Semitic Israelites. Although the Bible lays out Jesus' ancestors through Shem, it does not mention that His ancestors would have had Hamitic blood from this intermixing, e.g. on their mothers' sides.
Jesus' human paternal genealogy after David, mainly as shown in Matthew is:  Solomon (1Ch 3:5), Rehoboam, Abijah,  Asa, Jehoshaphat, Jehoram,  Uzziah (Ahaziah 1Ch 3:11), Joash (1Ch3:11), Amaziah (1Ch3:12), Azariah (1Ch3:12), [Matt 9] Jotham, Ahaz,  Hezekiah, Manasseh, Amon,  Josiah,  Jeconiah, Shealtiel,  Zerubbabel, Abiud, Eliakim,  Azor, Zadok, Akim,  Eliud, Eleazar, Matthan,  Jacob, Joseph, the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus.
Jesus' maternal genealogy after David, as shown in Luke 3:23-31: Nathan (1Ch 3:5), Mattatha, Menna,  Melea, Eliakim, Jonam, Joseph, Judah,  Simeon, Levi, Matthat, Jorim, Eliezer,  Joshua, Er, Elmadam, Cosam, Addi,  Melki, Neri, Shealtiel, Zerubbabel, Rhesa,  Joanan, Joda, Josech, Semein, Mattathias,  Maath, Naggai, Esli, Nahum, Amos,  Mattathias, Joseph, Jannai, Melki, Levi,  Matthat, Heli, Joseph, Jesus.
THE BLACK PRESENCE IN JESUS' LINEAGE
Jesus' male ancestors trace a line from Shem. However, ethnically and racially, they were mixed Semitic and Hamitic from the times spent in captivity in Egypt and Babylon.
Rahab and probably Tamar were Canaanites. Although Canaanites spoke a Semitic language, they were descendants of Ham through his son Canaan. Bethsheba, who had been the wife of Uriah the Hittite, probably was a Hittite herself, possibly a Hamitic Hittite, though scholars disagree on the precise identity of the "Hittites" in the Bible because historical records are quite scarce.
In the United States today the general view on whether someone is "black" is the One-Drop Rule -- if a person has any black ancestors s/he is considered "black", even with a clearly Anglo skin color, e.g., Mariah Carry, LaToya Jackson. (cf., for example, The Politics of Egyptology and the History Kemet (Egypt))
THE THEOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE
In Old Testament times the first son had the right of preeminence, the right to inherit the best of what his father owned. As first-born Son of God, Jesus has that right. In Ezekiel, e.g., 5:5-7 God condemns Israel, saying that it has been more unfaithful than the Gentiles. Yet Jesus was entitled to the best the Father had. During the period from Noah to the Cross, God was preparing for His only Son a worthy inheritance. Also, regarding Israel, God had covenanted with Abraham:
It has also been noted:
God used the Hamitic descendants in Egypt and Babylon and the Japhethic descendants in Rome to train and castigate Israel, to "bring it through the fire" and "remove the dross". (In metallurgy, certain metals are refined by melting them. Impurities rise to the top and are skimmed off. This layer of impurities is known as 'dross'.)
God used the Shemitic and Japhethic descendants to fulfill Noah's curse on Canaan and His promise to Abraham, giving the land of Canaan's descendants to Israel and destroying the Phoenicians with Alexander the Great (Tyre) and Rome (Carthage).
At the Tower of Babel mankind tried to make itself great independent of God, so God confused man's language. At Pentecost, God showed that men, even descendants of Canaan, can only be brought together in Him.
God used Jesus, a descendant of cursed Canaan, to redeem the Elect, showing that people need not be bound by generational curses if they trust and rely on God for deliverance.
Internet sources found by Altavista search on 11/17/98
Bibliophobe's Guide to the Acts of the Apostles, The. WAYBACK
Black Presence in the Bible - Discovering the Black and African identity
of Biblical Persons and Nations, The.
Black Presence in the Bible and the Table of Nations Genesis 10:1-32,
(Note: McCray's two books are both paperbacks and the covers look virtually identical. The only real difference on the covers is the background colors. At first glance, Volume 2 appears to be a 'rehash' of the first book, i.e., the author simply paraphrased his first book figuring he would sell more books. However, this is not the case. Each volume does cover different material, and anyone interested in this topic should buy both volumes. Most bookstores do not stock them. They can be ordered on-line from amazon.com and barnesandnoble.com)
& Phoenician History & Culture
Curse of Ham: Capsule
of Ancient History, The.
From Jerusalem --
Pictures of a Black Jesus NLOL Mar '07
Genesis Flood, the
Biblical Record and its Scientific Implications, The.
High Civilization WAYBACK
Index - The Table
to the Exodus: A Picture of the Plan of the Ages, An. WAYBACK
Theology 601 Unit 1 ("Sacred Words") / Lesson 5 (The Torah) WAYBACK
Egyptology and the History Kemet (Egypt), The. WAYBACK
Black Ethiopia Israelites (author not identified) WAYBACK
Repopulation after the
Roots of the Nations,
Summary of Near Eastern
of North African History, 1000 B.C. - 630 A.D. WAYBACK
This Land is
(c) 1998 Rick Reinckens