Lawyer Examines The Swoon Theory
REASONS THAT SOUND
AREN'T ALWAYS GOOD SOUND REASONS!
Jesus didn't really die
on the Cross. He just passed out or went into a coma from loss of blood,
stress, etc. Later on He came to and made the appearances."
This is referred to as the "swoon" theory. Many
people believe it because on its face it sounds plausible—more
plausible than believing someone came back from the dead. However,
under close examination the swoon theory falls apart.
Roman executioners knew how to
tell when their victims were dead!
Consider this: Roman soldiers were among the most ruthless,
cruel and knowledgeable military men of the ancient world. When
it came to knowing how to kill people they were experts.
Can you really believe that an entire squad of Roman
executioners couldn't tell whether a prisoner really
was dead??? They would be a laughingstock among their peers if something
like that happened!
Jesus was stabbed in the side, which
would ensure His death.
John 19:31-35 "
Now it was the day of Preparation, and the next day was to be a special Sabbath.
Because the Jews did not want the bodies left on the crosses during the Sabbath,
they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down.  The
soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified
with Jesus, and then those of the other.  But when they came to Jesus
and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. 
Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus' side with a spear,
bringing a sudden flow of blood and water.  The man who saw it has
given testimony, and his testimony is true. He knows that he tells the
truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe.
Roman custom required
stabbing under Jesus' circumstances. It wasn't a coincidence.
Most people, even most theologians and historians, believe
it was pure coincidence that a Roman soldier stabbed Jesus. Most people
believe the soldier stabbed Jesus to make sure He was dead. Usual Roman
practice was to leave the corpses of crucified victims on the cross to be eaten
by wild animals or to rot in public view—after all, crucifixion was intended
to be the ultimate degradation and humiliation ... and a warning to others!
Interestingly, there was an exception. According to Quintilian,
a first-century author, a victim's relatives were permitted to take down the
body and bury it if the victim was first pierced by the executioners.
In his Commentary on Matthew, Origen, one of the early Church
Fathers, says the lance thrust to Jesus was administered "according to
Roman custom, below the armpit." (See Humber, Thomas. The
Sacred Shroud. New York, Pocket Books, 1977)
EVENTS DESCRIBED IN THE
BIBLE OR OTHER HISTORICAL SOURCES
If you seriously
examine what the swoon theory requires,
you'd have to be an absolute idiot to still consider it possible.
Jesus gets beaten by members of the Sanhedrin, the Jewish
Jesus gets flogged ("scourged") with a Roman
flagrum, similar to a "cat-o-nine tails". It
had three "tails", each with a little metal dumbbell-shaped attachment
that digs into the flesh. It was considered so cruel that it was illegal
to flog a Roman citizen.
Jesus is beaten with wooden reeds (like "caning").
Jesus gets slapped and punched by a group of Roman soldiers.
Jesus has a cap or thorns pressed onto His
head. Middle Eastern crowns of the period were not little
circles like a British or French crown. They were like the mitre worn
by Roman Catholic bishops.
Jesus is tied to the crossbeam
that will be attached to the vertical post. Crossbeams typically weighed
about 40 pounds (20 kg).
Jesus has to walk up a hill to the crucifixion site. He
falls several times and the soldiers have to force a bypasser, Simon of
Cyrene, to carry the beam.
At the hilltop Jesus is untied. He is then nailed
to the Cross. The nails are put through His wrists not
His palms, as commonly depicted by artists. One foot
is put on top of the other and a nail is driven through both of them.
Jesus is left on the Cross for hours and dies.
Soldiers come to break the legs of the victims, to bring
The body of Jesus is stabbed in the side with a Roman lancia.
The body of Jesus is taken down from the Cross, and wrapped
in grave clothes. Scholars disagree as to whether Jesus was wound
in strips like a mummy or covered with a burial shroud, e.g., the Shroud
of Turin. The text does not resolve this issue. For discussion
we will assume a long shroud, which is easy to unwrap.
The body of Jesus is laid in a stone tomb provided by Joseph
A large stone door is placed in front of the tomb. The
stone is so heavy that three women didn't think they could move it together.
A wax seal is put on the outside of the door and a group
of guards are stationed.
Let's play detective and "reconstruct" the swoon
theory's next sequence of events:
"Jesus didn't die, He just passed
out from stress, fatigue, shock, or exhaustion."
See Forensic Pathology Report on Jesus.
Jesus passed out, He would have hung in a "Y" position, with knees
bent. Experiments with volunteers
have proved that in that position lung muscles become paralyzed from strain
in just a few minutes. Within 6-12 minutes
a person stops breathing and will die of asphyxiation
if the strain is not removed. This isn't
speculation, it's scientific fact established by direct observation.
the blood loss from the flogging and the further loss from the stab wound,
Jesus would have gone into hypovolemic shock (shock from extremely
low blood pressure caused by bleeding). Without a transfusion and
with nothing to stop the internal hemorrhaging He would have died within minutes. Prior to the stab wound, the blood loss alone would have killed him in a few hours.
Allowable Blood Loss
Kilograms = pounds ÷ 2.2
Hct = Hematocrit—the percentage by volume of red blood cells in a sample of blood that has been spun in a centrifuge.
ml = milliliter (about 1/1000 of a quart). 1 pint = 473 ml
the internal bleeding and build-up of fluids Jesus would have died from
congestive heart failure.
Pathologists generally agree that this was a contributing cause of
Gospel of John says that when Jesus was stabbed blood and water
came out of His side. A number of forensic pathologists have examined the
descriptions (and, in some cases, information on the Shroud of Turin). They
all agree that there is no way water could have come out.
But, they agree that the heart is surrounded by the
pericardium, which contains
a watery fluid and a lance thrust would have extracted this fluid, which
would look like water. The thrust would also
have pierced the heart, drawing accumulated blood.
if Jesus didn't die of asphyxiation and
even if He didn't die of congestive heart failure and
even if He didn't die of hypovolemic shock and
even if He didn't die from the internal hemorrhaging itself,
He had a large, deep, open chest wound through at least one lung and
probably the heart, with internal bleeding. This would have caused
internal infection and in a few days He would have died of sepsis,
i.e., infection. The Bible says Jesus appeared to hundreds
over a period of forty days after the Crucifixion.
After Jesus "passes out" He is
left on the Cross unconscious for an unknown length of time.
Then Jesus is stabbed. John
John 19:38a "Later,
Joseph of Arimathea asked Pilate for the body of Jesus."
wasn't done with a phone call from the Crucifixion site! Joseph or
a servant has to walk or ride by donkey to Governor
Pilate's office, wait to get permission to speak to the Governor,
wait to be taken to an audience with the Governor.
Mark 15:44  Pilate
was surprised to hear that he was already dead. Summoning the centurion,
he asked him if Jesus had already died.  When he learned from the centurion
that it was so, he gave [permission to take]
the body to Joseph.
Mark 15:46 So Joseph
bought some linen cloth, ...
All this time, Jesus is still
hanging on the Cross!!! (Allegedly ... unconscious,
but still alive!)
The Roman soldiers and various spectators are still standing
around watching. And nobody realizes that Jesus
is still breathing and still alive!
John 19:38c "With
Pilate's permission, he [Joseph of Arimathea]
came and took the body away."
Even as they are taking Jesus down
from the Cross nobody realizes He is still breathing and still alive!
Nobody checks for a heartbeat. If they do check for a heartbeat,
they don't find one. (If they did find one they would have known He
was still alive.) Even though there's no heartbeat and He's
not breathing, somehow He's still alive.
Nobody thinks it odd that a body that has been hanging
on a cross allegedly dead for several hours, is
Even as they are wrapping Jesus in
burial clothes nobody realizes He is still breathing and still alive!
They lay Jesus in a tomb and roll a heavy stone in front
of the only entrance.
Guards are posted outside the tomb and the tomb is sealed
with a wax seal. (The exact number that constituted "your guard"
is unknown but most scholars believe it was at least four soldiers, probably
Despite being beaten and stabbed, despite internal hemorrhaging,
despite having had no food or water, Jesus somehow recovers from His coma
by natural means, not by a miracle!
Jesus wakes up in a completely dark, completely enclosed
tomb, His entire body wracked with pain.
Jesus feels His way around the tomb and finds the stone
Jesus manages to push the heavy stone door to the side even
though there is nothing to grab onto on the inside
surface of the stone. (The stone was slid into a groove. Hence,
it has to be moved sideways, not simply out.)
Even in His weakened condition, in a quiet private
cemetery, Jesus manages to push back the stone door without
any of the guards noticing!
Why go half-way? Jesus has been whipped, beaten and
stabbed, is hemorrhaging, and hasn't had any food or drink for at least
three days. Does He just push the stone open enough to squeeze through?
No, He pushes the stone door COMPLETELY
out of the way!!!
Of course, at this point, the logical thing
to do is get naked! Before
leaving the tomb, Jesus strips off the burial garments.
Just because He has been whipped, beaten and stabbed, is
hemorrhaging, and hasn't had any food or drink for at least three days is
no reason to be sloppy! So He neatly folds
the garments before leaving.
Amazingly, while He is doing all this, the guards still
don't notice anything!
This whipped, beaten, stabbed, bleeding, half-starved,
naked, revived crucifixion victim then blithely walks away
from the sealed tomb, right past a group of heavily armed guards.
Miraculously, ... I'm sorry,
according to the swoon theory there are no miracles
... none of the guards directly appointed by the Governor
even notices this whipped, beaten, stabbed, bleeding, half-starved,
naked, revived crucifixion victim walking away from the sealed
I guess we just have to assume that it was a pretty common
occurrence for those guards to see whipped, beaten, stabbed, bleeding, half-starved,
naked, revived crucifixion victims walking away from sealed
Whipped, beaten, stabbed, half-starved, naked, and still
bleeding, Jesus then walks several miles.
No one notices the whipped, beaten, stabbed, bleeding,
half-starved, naked, revived crucifixion victim walking along
And still, not even
one of the guards has noticed anything suspicious
like, oh ... say, ... the fully opened tomb!
we come to the part that's a
little hard to believe
about the swoon theory ...
Jesus does all of this on
feet that had been run through by nails!!!
AND PEOPLE SAY
IS HARD TO BELIEVE ! ! !
This site and
page written by Texas attorney Joseph "Rick" Reinckens.
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