Fulfilled by Jesus Christ
is a prophecy?"
A prophecy is the future told in advance by God through a prophet.
Isaiah 48:2-5  I
foretold the former things long ago, my mouth announced them and I made them
known; then suddenly I acted, and they came to pass.  For I
knew how stubborn you were; the sinews of your neck were iron, your forehead
was bronze.  Therefore I told you these things long ago; before
they happened I announced them to you so that you could not say, `My idols did
them; my wooden image and metal god ordained them.'
'fulfilled prophecy' just a guess or luck or coincidence?"
2 Peter 1:19-21  And
we have the word of the prophets made more certain, and you will do well to
pay attention to it, as to a light shining in a dark place, until the day dawns
and the morning star rises in your hearts.  Above all, you must understand
that no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet's own interpretation.
 For prophecy never had its origin in the will of man,
but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.
the Old Testament contain any prophecies about the Messiah?"
Yes! The Old Testament contains about FOUR
HUNDRED AND TWENTY-FIVE prophecies about the Messiah. Here is
a small sample (in roughly chronological order):
WOULD COME TO EARTH
BORN AS A HUMAN MALE
Isaiah 9:6-7  For
to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government
will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful
Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince
of Peace.  Of the increase of his government and peace there will
be no end. He will reign on David's throne and over his kingdom,
establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time
on and forever. ... 700 B.C.
Mark 1:1 The beginning
of the gospel about Jesus Christ, the Son of God.
John 1:1-3, 14  In
the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word
was God.  He was with God in the beginning.  Through
him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has
been made.  The Word became flesh and made his dwelling
among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the One and Only,
who came from the Father, full of grace and truth.
OF A VIRGIN
Isaiah 7:14 Therefore
the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and
will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel. 700 B.C.
Mattthew 1:20-23  But
after he had considered this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a
dream and said, "Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary
home as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit.
 She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the
name Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins."  All
this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet:
 "The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son,
and they will call him Immanuel" --which means, "God with us."
THE HOUSE OF JUDAH
Isaiah 37:31 Once
more a remnant of the house of Judah will take root below and bear fruit
above. 700 B.C.
Matthew 1:1-2, 16
 A record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ the son [descendant]
of David, the son of Abraham:  Abraham was the father of Isaac,
Isaac the father of Jacob, Jacob the father of Judah and his
brothers,  and [a later]
Jacob the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus,
who is called Christ.
THE ROOT AND STUMP OF JESSE
Isaiah 11:10 In that
day the Root of Jesse will stand as a banner for the peoples; the nations
will rally to him, and his place of rest will be glorious. 700 B.C.
Isaiah 11:1-5  A
shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will
bear fruit.  The Spirit of the LORD will rest on him-- the Spirit
of wisdom and of understanding, the Spirit of counsel and of power, the
Spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD--  and he will delight
in the fear of the LORD. He will not judge by what he sees with his eyes,
or decide by what he hears with his ears;  but with righteousness
he will judge the needy, with justice he will give decisions for the poor
of the earth. He will strike the earth with the rod of his mouth; with the
breath of his lips he will slay the wicked.  Righteousness will
be his belt and faithfulness the sash around his waist. 700 B.C.
Romans 15:12 And again,
Isaiah says, "The Root of Jesse will spring up, one who will arise
to rule over the nations; the Gentiles will hope in him."
Matthew 1:1-2a, 5-6, 16
 A record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ the son of David, the
son of Abraham:  Abraham was the father of Isaac, ...  ...
Obed the father of Jesse,
 and Jesse
the father of King David.  and Jacob the father of Joseph, the
husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.
THE HOUSE OF DAVID
Isaiah 16:5 In love
a throne will be established; in faithfulness a man will sit on it--one
from the house of David--one who in judging seeks justice and speeds the
cause of righteousness. 700 B.C.
Matthew 1:1-2A, 6, 16
 A record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ the son of David, the
son of Abraham:  Abraham was the father of Isaac, ...  and
Jesse the father of King David.  and Jacob the father
of Joseph, the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.
IN BETHLEHEM EPHRATHAH
Micah 5:2 But you,
Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out
of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins
are from of old, from ancient times. 700 B.C.
Matthew 2:1 After
Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, during the time of King Herod, Magi
from the east came to Jerusalem
Over the years there have been a number of "Bethlehems"
in Israel. At the time of Jesus' birth, Bethlehem Ephrathah, referred
to in Matthew as "Bethlehem in Judea", was a village about five
miles south of Jerusalem, and there also was a town named Bethlehem about
seven miles northwest of Nazareth. (Per footnote Matthew 2:1 of the
Zondervan NIV Study Bible, 10th Anniversary Edition, (c) 1995)
FROM NAZARETH OF GALILEE
Isaiah 9:1-2  Nevertheless,
there will be no more gloom for those who were in distress. In the past
he humbled the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, but in the future
he will honor Galilee of the Gentiles, by the way of the sea, along the
Jordan --  The people walking in darkness have seen a great light;
on those living in the land of the shadow of death a light has dawned.
Matthew 2:22-23  But
when he heard that Archelaus was reigning in Judea in place of his father
Herod, he was afraid to go there. Having been warned in a dream, he withdrew
to the district of Galilee,  and he went and lived in a town called
Nazareth. So was fulfilled what was said through the prophets: "He
will be called a Nazarene."
Matthew 4:13-16  Leaving
Nazareth, he [Jesus]
went and lived in Capernaum, which was by the lake in the area of Zebulun
and Naphtali--  to fulfill what was said through the prophet
Isaiah:  "Land of Zebulun and land of Naphtali,
the way to the sea, along the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles --  the
people living in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the
land of the shadow of death a light has dawned."
BIRTH WOULD TRIGGER A MASSACRE OF INFANT BOYS
Jeremiah 31:15 This
is what the LORD says: "A voice is heard in Ramah, mourning and great
weeping, Rachel weeping for her children and refusing to be comforted, because
her children are no more." 625 B.C.
Matthew 2:16-18  When
Herod realized that he had been outwitted by the Magi, he was furious, and
he gave orders to kill all the boys in Bethlehem and its vicinity who were
two years old and under, in accordance with the time he had learned from
the Magi.  Then what was said through the prophet Jeremiah was
fulfilled:  "A voice is heard in Ramah, weeping and great
mourning, Rachel weeping for her children and refusing to be comforted,
because they are no more."
An interesting side note: most people think that Herod
killed thousands of babies. However, Bethlehem was "in
the boondocks." The chances are that less than thirty babies
OUT OF EGYPT
Hosea 11:1 When
Israel was a child, I loved him, and out of Egypt I called my son.
Matthew 2:14-15  So
he got up, took the child and his mother during the night and left for Egypt,
 where he stayed until the death of Herod. And so was fulfilled
what the Lord had said through the prophet: "Out of Egypt I
called my son."
WOULD INCLUDE THE GENTILES
Isaiah 49:6 he [the
Lord] says: "It is too small a thing for
you to be my servant to restore the tribes of Jacob and bring back those
of Israel I have kept. I will also make you a light for the Gentiles, that
you may bring my salvation to the ends of the earth." 700 B.C.
Isaiah 42:1-4, 6  "Here
is my servant, whom I uphold, my chosen one in whom I delight; I will put
my Spirit on him and he will bring justice to the nations.  He will
not shout or cry out, or raise his voice in the streets.  A
bruised reed he will not break, and a smoldering wick he will not snuff
out. In faithfulness he will bring forth justice;  he will
not falter or be discouraged till he establishes justice on earth. In his
law the islands will put their hope."  "I, the LORD, have
called you in righteousness; I will take hold of your hand. I will
keep you and will make you to be a covenant for the people and a light for
the Gentiles, 700 B.C.
Matthew 12:14-21  But
the Pharisees went out and plotted how they might kill Jesus.  Aware
of this, Jesus withdrew from that place. Many followed him, and he healed
all their sick,  warning them not to tell who he was.  This
was to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet Isaiah:  "Here
is my servant whom I have chosen, the one I love, in whom I delight; I will
put my Spirit on him, and he will proclaim justice to the nations.  He
will not quarrel or cry out; no one will hear his voice in the streets.
 A bruised reed he will not break, and a smoldering wick he will
not snuff out, till he leads justice to victory.  In his name the
nations will put their hope."
Note that in Biblical usage the Gentiles are often referred
to as "the nations."
WOULD INCLUDE MIRACULOUS HEALINGS
Isaiah 29:18 In that
day the deaf will hear the words of the scroll, and out of gloom and darkness
the eyes of the blind will see. 700 B.C.
Isaiah 35:5-6a  Then
will the eyes of the blind be opened and the ears of the deaf unstopped.
[6a] Then will the lame leap like a deer, and the mute tongue
shout for joy. 700 B.C.
Luke 7:20-22  When
the men came to Jesus, they said, "John the Baptist sent us to you
to ask, `Are you the one who was to come, or should we expect someone else?'
"  At that very time Jesus cured many who had diseases, sicknesses
and evil spirits, and gave sight to many who were blind.  So he
replied to the messengers, "Go back and report to John what you have
seen and heard: The blind receive sight, the lame walk, those who have leprosy
are cured, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, and the good news is preached
to the poor."
WOULD DELIVER SPIRITUAL CAPTIVES
Isaiah 61:1-2  The
Spirit of the Sovereign LORD is on me, because the LORD has anointed me
to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted,
to proclaim freedom for the captives and release from darkness for the prisoners,
 to proclaim the year of the LORD's favor and the day of vengeance
of our God, to comfort all who mourn, 700 B.C.
Luke 4:16-21  He
went to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and on the Sabbath day he
went into the synagogue, as was his custom. And he stood up to read.  The
scroll of the prophet Isaiah was handed to him. Unrolling it, he found the
place where it is written:  "The Spirit of the Lord is on
me, because he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent
me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners and recovery of sight for the blind,
to release the oppressed,  to proclaim the year of the Lord's favor."
 Then he rolled up the scroll, gave it back to the attendant
and sat down. The eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fastened on him,
 and he began by saying to them, "Today this scripture
is fulfilled in your hearing."
Not too shabby, considering it was His first sermon!
AND REJECTED BY MEN
Isaiah 53:3 He was
despised and rejected by men, a man of sorrows, and familiar with suffering.
Like one from whom men hide their faces he was despised, and we esteemed
him not. 700 B.C.
The Crucifixion narratives in all four Gospels show this
Psalm 69:4 Those who
hate me without reason outnumber the hairs of my head; many are my enemies
without cause, those who seek to destroy me. I am forced to restore what
I did not steal. 1000 B.C.
Isaiah 49:7 This is
what the LORD says-- the Redeemer and Holy One of Israel-- to him who was
despised and abhorred by the nation, to the servant of rulers: "Kings
will see you and rise up, princes will see and bow down, because of the
LORD, who is faithful, the Holy One of Israel, who has chosen you."
John 7:48-49 "Has
any of the rulers or of the Pharisees believed in him?  No! But
this mob that knows nothing of the law--there is a curse on them."
John 15:24-25  If
I had not done among them what no one else did, they would not be guilty
of sin. But now they have seen these miracles, and yet they have hated both
me and my Father.  But this is to fulfill what is written
in their Law: `They hated me without reason.'
Psalm 118:22 The stone
the builders rejected has become the capstone [cornerstone
of a building];  the LORD has done this,
and it is marvelous in our eyes. before
Matthew 21:42 Jesus
said to them, "Have you never read in the Scriptures:"
`The stone the builders rejected has become the capstone; the Lord has done
this, and it is marvelous in our eyes' ?
John 7:48-49 Has any
of the rulers or of the Pharisees believed in him?  No! But this
mob that knows nothing of the law--there is a curse on them.
BY HIS OWN BROTHERS
Psalms 69:8 I am a
stranger to my brothers, an alien to my own mother's sons 1000 B.C.
(Side note: this pretty much kills the Catholic Church's
claim that when the Gospels name Jesus'
brothers they are talking about His cousins.)
Mark 3:20-21  Then
Jesus entered a house, and again a crowd gathered, so that he and his disciples
were not even able to eat.  When his family heard about this, they
went to take charge of him, for they said, "He is out of his mind."
John 7:1-5  After
this, Jesus went around in Galilee, purposely staying
away from Judea because the Jews there were waiting to take his life.
 But when the Jewish Feast of Tabernacles was near,  Jesus'
brothers said to him, "You ought to leave here and go to Judea,
so that your disciples may see the miracles you do.  No one who
wants to become a public figure acts in secret. Since you are doing these
things, show yourself to the world."  For even his own
brothers did not believe in him.
FOR 30 PIECES OF SILVER
Zechariah 11:12 I
told them, "If you think it best, give me my pay; but if not, keep
it." So they paid me thirty pieces of silver. 500 B.C.
Matthew 26:14-15  Then
one of the Twelve--the one called Judas Iscariot--went to the chief priests
 and asked, "What are you willing to give me if I hand him
over to you?" So they counted out for him thirty silver coins.
USED TO BUY POTTER'S FIELD
 I told them, "If you think it best, give me my pay; but if
not, keep it." So they paid me thirty pieces of silver.  And
the LORD said to me, "Throw it to the potter"--the handsome price
at which they priced me! So I took the thirty pieces of silver and threw
them into the house of the LORD to the potter. 500 B.C.
Matthew 27:3-10  When
Judas, who had betrayed him, saw that Jesus was condemned, he was seized
with remorse and returned the thirty silver coins to the chief priests and
the elders.  "I have sinned," he said, "for I have
betrayed innocent blood." "What is that to us?" they replied.
"That's your responsibility."  So Judas threw the money
into the temple and left. Then he went away and hanged himself.  The
chief priests picked up the coins and said, "It is against the law
to put this into the treasury, since it is blood money."  So
they decided to use the money to buy the potter's field as a burial place
for foreigners.  That is why it has been called the Field of Blood
to this day.  Then what was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled:
"They took the thirty silver coins, the price set on him by the people
of Israel,  and they used them to buy the potter's field, as the
Lord commanded me."
Zechariah 13:7 "Awake,
O sword, against my shepherd, against the man who is close to me!"
declares the LORD Almighty. "Strike the shepherd, and the sheep will
be scattered, and I will turn my hand against the little ones."
Matthew 26:31 Then
Jesus told them, "This very night you will all fall away on account
of me, for it is written: " `I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep
of the flock will be scattered.'"
(c) 1998 by Rick Reinckens
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